Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer People

Like other minority groups, people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ) may experience prejudice and discrimination. Research indicates that mental health problems, misuse of alcohol and other drugs, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors are more common in this group than in the general population. 

Risk and Protective Factors

Suicide prevention efforts seek to reduce risk factors for suicide and strengthen the factors that help strengthen individuals and protect them from suicide. Here are a few examples:

Risk factors

  • Depression and other mental health problems
  • Alcohol or drug use
  • Stress from prejudice and discrimination (family rejection, harassment, bullying, violence)
  • Feelings of social isolation

Protective factors

  • Family acceptance
  • Connections to friends and others who care about them
  • Sense of safety


  1. Haas, A. P., Eliason, M., Mays, V. M., Mathy, R. M., Cochran, S. D., D’Augelli, A. R. . . . Clayton, P. J. (2011). Suicide and suicide risk in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations: Review and recommendations. Journal of Homosexuality, 58(1), 10–51. 

    Learn More

    • See the Recommended Resources below selected by SPRC personnel.
    • See All Resources Related to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and/or Transgender People for a full list of materials, programs, trainings, and other information available from SPRC. Use the filters on the left to narrow your results.
    • For more on other groups and settings, see our Populations and Settings pages.
    Recommended Resources
    Ashby Dodge urges us to actively listen to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning so we can provide more culturally competent care.
    Suicide Prevention among LGBT Youth: A Workshop for Professionals Who Serve Youth, developed by the Suicide Prevention Resource Center, is a free kit...
    This national organization focuses on crisis and suicide prevention among LGBTQ youth and offers a toll-free crisis phone line.
    This national education organization focuses on ensuring safe schools for all students and provides tools to help establish Gay-Straight Alliances.
    This initiative works to prevent health and mental health risks among LGBT children and youth in the context of their families and communities.
    This center offers free telephone, one-to-one chat, and e-mail support from peers on a variety of issues, as well as GLBTQ information and resources.

    All Resources Related to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer People

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