Brief Psychological Intervention after Deliberate Self-Poisoning
(For resources, this is the publication date. For programs, this is the date posted.)
Program costs include a standardized training manual, training, and the cost of four 50-minute therapy sessions held in the patients’ homes.
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This intervention provides four sessions of psychotherapy for adults who have deliberately poisoned themselves. Treatment is provided in the patient’s home by trained nurse therapists. A study conducted in the UK showed decreased suicidal ideation in those who received the four 50-minute treatments compared to those who received regular treatment. In addition, at the 6-month follow-up, it was found that only 9% of psychotherapy group members had harmed themselves again compared with 28% of treatment as usual group members.
Note: This intervention is a legacy program from the SPRC/AFSP Evidence-Based Practices Project (EBPP), which stopped conducting evidence-based reviews in 2005 when SAMSHA began reviewing suicide-related interventions for NREPP.
Therapists skilled in interpersonal therapy.
2012 NSSP Objectives Addressed:
Objective 8.2: Develop and implement protocols for delivering services for individuals with suicide risk in the most collaborative, responsive, and least restrictive settings.
Objective 8.3: Promote timely access to assessment, intervention, and effective care for individuals with a heightened risk for suicide.
Objective 9.5: Adopt and implement policies and procedures to assess suicide risk and intervene to promote safety and reduce suicidal behaviors among patients receiving care for mental and/or substance use disorders.