Racial and Ethnic Groups

Suicide risk varies among different racial and ethnic groups. In the United States, suicide death rates are much higher among whites and American Indians/Alaska Natives than among other populations (see our Racial and Ethnic Disparities page).1 Suicidal thoughts and behaviors can vary across racial and ethnic groups, as well as within subgroups, such as people of different ages.

Risk and Protective Factors

Suicide prevention efforts seek to reduce risk factors for suicide and strengthen the factors that help strengthen individuals and protect them from suicide. Here are a few examples:

Risk factors

  • Prior suicide attempt(s)
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Mood and anxiety disorders
  • Access to lethal means

Protective factors

  • Effective mental health care
  • Connectedness to individuals, family, community, and social institutions
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Contacts with caregivers


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Fatal injury reports, national and regional, 1999–2014. Retrieved from http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_us.html

Learn More

  • See the Recommended Resources below selected by SPRC personnel.
  • See All Resources Related to Racial and Ethnic Groups for a full list of materials, programs, trainings, and other information available from SPRC. Use the filters on the left to narrow your results.
  • For more on other groups and settings, see our Populations and Settings pages.
Recommended Resources
Developed in collaboration with the California Mental Health Services Authority (CalMHSA), this guide can be applied to many different formats, including print materials, television or radio public service announcements, and face-to-face presentations.
This series of fact sheets presents information on risk and protective factors in different racial/ethnic populations.
This chartbook presents estimates of mental health service use by adults aged 18 or older from different racial and ethnic groups.

All Resources Related to Racial and Ethnic Groups

Displaying 165 results. Refine results using the filters on the left.