Effective Suicide Prevention

Suicide is a complex problem. Many factors can increase suicide risk, while other factors can help protect people from suicide (see Risk and Protective Factors page). These factors can change over time and vary across groups.   

Many studies have explored ways to prevent suicide among different groups, such as college students, veterans, or patients. Findings suggest that many strategies can help prevent suicide—particularly when they are used together as part of a carefully planned program.

This section of our website is meant to help you carry out suicide prevention efforts that are most likely to be effective. Its four sections feature models and guidance developed by SPRC based on current knowledge of suicide prevention.

Strategic Planning

Suicide prevention efforts are most likely to be effective when they use a systematic, data-driven process to understand the suicide problem, set clear goals, and prioritize activities that are most likely to make a difference. Follow SPRC’s step-by-step strategic planning process to help you decide what to implement.

Keys to Success

Effective suicide prevention efforts use a number of guiding principles, or keys to success. This section describes five such principles identified by SPRC.

Comprehensive Approach to Suicide Prevention

Suicide prevention efforts are most likely to be effective when they combine multiple strategies that work in sync to create change rather than relying on standalone programs to do so. This section describes the nine strategies that make up SPRC’s comprehensive approach to suicide prevention.